When considering the current political landscape in the United States, a discussion of Psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg’s Six Stages of Moral Reasoning is particularly relevant. Have you heard of it? This theory identifies six different ways individuals make decisions and what influences that decision-making. The idea is that the higher up one is on the stages, the more advanced their approach to ethical decision-making and working for the greater good.
When I was in college, I enjoyed reading Ernest Hemingway and was intrigued by his book For Whom the Bell Tolls. Looking back, I tried to put my finger on what was so appealing about his work, and what comes to mind is its simplicity, matter-of-fact nature and unapologetic style. Continue reading “the old man and the sea”